Biochemistry is the study of chemical processes in living organisms. Much of biochemistry deals with the structures and functions of cellular components such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and other biomolecules; although increasingly, processes rather than individual molecules are the main focus. Over the last 40 years biochemistry has become so successful at explaining living processes that now almost all areas of the life sciences from botany to medicine are engaged in biochemical research. Today the main focus of pure biochemistry is in understanding how biological molecules give rise to processes that occur within living cells which in turn relates greatly to the study and understanding of whole organisms.
The Department of Biochemistry at VMU has a well-equipped spacious practical laboratory and a modern research lab with equipment like the ELISA reader, auto analyser and flame photometer. There are facilities for performing electrophoresis and the chromatography of chemical samples. The services of the clinical biochemistry lab are attached to the hospital lab and works round-the-clock.